Resources. From December 1938 to January 1939, fires burnt out around two million hectares. 71 people died and more than 650 buildings were destroyed. The most severe fires came during a firestorm on Friday January 13, known as Black Friday.
When did the Black Friday bushfires end?
The intensity of the fire produced vast amounts of smoke and ash, with reports of ash falling as far away as New Zealand. However, the devastation ended late on Sunday, 15 January, after rain fell across the state.
When did the Black Friday bushfires start and end?
The Victorian bushfires of 13 January 1939, known as Black Friday, were the culmination of several years’ drought in the state, following by high temperatures and strong winds. These conditions fanned several fires – some of which had been burning since early December – into a massive fire front.
How long did the Black Saturday fires last?
The fire continued to burn for 26 days and was finally declared under control on 13 March. There were 40 deaths, 73 people injured and 538 houses destroyed.
How long did the black summer bushfires last?
The fire was extinguished on 10 February 2020, having burnt approximately 191,000 hectares (471,971 acres) over 79 days.
What was the biggest bushfire in the world?
Largest fires of the 21st-century
|Rank||Name||Area burned (km2)|
|1||2003 Russian wildfires||200,000|
|2||2019-2020 Australian bushfire season||180,000|
|3||2019 Siberia wildfires||43,000|
|4||2014 Northwest Territories fires||34,000|
What was the worst bushfire in Australia?
2009, Black Saturday
The Black Saturday bushfires were the worst in Australia’s history, killing 173 people. Almost 80 communities and entire towns were left unrecognisable. The fires burned more than 2,000 properties and 61 businesses.
What was the worst wildfire in history?
Canada and the United States
|1871||1,200,000 acres (490,000 ha)||Peshtigo Fire|
|1871||2,500,000 acres (1,000,000 ha)||Great Michigan Fire|
|1876||500,000 acres (200,000 ha)||Bighorn Fire|
|1881||1,000,000 acres (400,000 ha)||Thumb Fire|
How many homes were lost in Black Friday?
Over 1,300 homes and 69 sawmills were burned, and 3,700 buildings were destroyed or damaged. In response, the Victorian state government convened a Royal Commission that resulted in major changes in forest management.
How much did Ash Wednesday cost?
A total of 47 people died, and 2,080 homes were destroyed in Victoria. Many businesses, stores, equipment, machinery, stock, and other private assets were also destroyed. The total cost of the property-related damage in Victoria was estimated to be over $200 million.
Why was Black Saturday so bad?
Urban Australia and fire
Devastating, large-scale fires have increased in size and frequency over the past 230 years. It was in this edge environment that the Black Saturday bushfires inflicted the damage that made them some of the most destructive in Australian history.
How many firefighters died in Black Saturday?
Black Saturday, 2009
The 2009 Black Saturday fires remain the deadliest bushfire event on record in Australia’s history. The Victorian CFA website records: 173 people died (including two firefighters) 2,055 houses were destroyed and.
What was the cost of Black Saturday?
Deloitte put the tangible costs of the Black Saturday fires at A$3.1 billion in 2015 dollars and the intangible costs at more than that again: A$3.9 billion, producing a total of A$7 billion, which would be A$7.6 billion in today’s dollars.
How many animals were killed in the Australia fires?
Australia’s bushfire crisis was one of the worst wildlife disasters in modern history. The fires killed or displaced nearly 3 billion animals.
How many animals died in the 2020 Australian bushfires?
A shocking new report compiled by 10 scientists and commissioned by WWF-Australia has found that the country’s devastating bushfires in 2019 and 2020 killed or displaced nearly three billion animals – nearly three times an earlier estimate released in January.
Who started the Australian fires?
Weather. In recent times most major bush fires have been started in remote areas by dry lightning. Some reports indicate that a changing climate could also be contributing to the ferocity of the 2019–20 fires with hotter, drier conditions making the country’s fire season longer and much more dangerous.