The easiest way to account for an amortized bond is to use the straight-line method of amortization. Under this method of accounting, the bond discount that is amortized each year is equal over the life of the bond. Companies may also issue amortized bonds and use the effective-interest method.
How do you amortize bond premium or discount?
First, calculate the bond premium by subtracting the face value of the bond from what you paid for it. Then, figure out how many months are left before the bond matures and divide the bond premium by the number of months remaining. That tells you how much to amortize on a monthly basis.
What are the two methods of amortization of bonds discount premium?
If the company uses the amortized cost approach to measure a long-term debt, it can use two methods to amortize the discount and the premium: the effective interest rate method, or. the straight-line method (allowed only under U.S. GAAP).
Why do you amortize bond discount?
A bond discount occurs when an issuer sells a bond and receives proceeds from investors for less than the face value of the bond. By amortizing a bond discount, the amount of amortization for each period can be used to determine periodic interest expense, as well as the changing bond carrying value over time.
What does it mean to amortize a bond premium?
A tax term, the amortizable bond premium refers to the excess price (the premium) paid for a bond, over and above its face value. The premium paid for a bond represents part of the cost basis of the bond, and so can be tax-deductible, at a rate spread out (amortized) over the bond’s lifespan.
How do you Journalize discounts on bonds payable?
The journal entry to record this transaction is to debit cash for $87,590 and debit discount on bonds payable for $12,410. The credit is to bonds payable for $100,000 ($87,590 + $12,410).
What is amortization of bond discount?
Amortization is a process carried out to reduce the cost base of a bond for each period to reflect the economic reality of the bonds approaching maturity. The amortization is done at par. It is easy to prepare, and it is essential in calculating tax returns.
How do you prepare a bond amortization schedule?
Multiply the face value of the bond by its stated interest rate to arrive at the interest payment to be made on the bond in the period. Multiply the current balance of the bond by the effective interest rate to arrive at the interest expense to record for the period.
Is bond discount an asset?
The issuing company can choose to expense the entire amount of the discount or can handle the discount as an asset to be amortized. Any amount that has yet to be expensed is referred to as the unamortized bond discount. … So the bond will be priced at a discount to its par value.
How do you do straight line amortization?
The straight line amortization formula is computed by dividing the total interest amount by the number of periods in the debt’s life. This amount will be recorded as an expense each year on the income statement.
What happens to bond book value as a discount is amortized?
The carrying value of a bond refers to the net amount between the bond’s face value plus any un-amortized premiums or minus any amortized discounts. … Premiums and discounts are amortized over the life of the bond, therefore book value equals par value at maturity.
How do you find the effective interest rate of a bond?
First, verify how many times the bond compounds within a year, and divide this into the stated bond interest rate, giving the rate per period. Next, add one to the rate per period and then raise it by an exponent equal to the number of periods per year. Finally, subtract one. Your result is the effective annual rate.
What is the purpose of amortization?
Amortization is an accounting technique used to periodically lower the book value of a loan or intangible asset over a set period of time. In relation to a loan, amortization focuses on spreading out loan payments over time.
What is a bond payable and why is interest expense amortized over the life of the bond?
When a bond is sold at a discount, the amount of the bond discount must be amortized to interest expense over the life of the bond. … This means that as a bond’s book value increases, the amount of interest expense will increase.